silvery-green. Petal color may be white, pink, or purple, often with darker color on the nose. (Presumed spread according to wikipedia sources and informations from "")), Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Distribution of Cyclamen repandum Sibth. While several aspects of this plant are poisonous to cats and dogs, it is the root which is especially dangerous. Excellent It was apparently first recorded from the wild as early as 1597. Cyclamen coum is a hardy plant, excellent for the garden in northwest Europe, where conditions are similar to its native habitat. [11] In most other species, the tuber is round in old age. The cyclamen commonly sold by florists is Cyclamen persicum, which is frost-tender. It has rounded deep green leaves some with silvery patterning. The stems of Cyclamen hederifolium and Cyclamen coum coil starting at the end, Cyclamen persicum arches downwards but does not curl, Cyclamen rohlfsianum coils starting near the tuber, and Cyclamen graecum coils both directions, starting at the middle. Flowers have 5 petals, bent outwards or up, sometimes twisted, and connected at the base into a cup, and five sepals behind the cup. C. graecum tolerates frost as low as −4 °C (25 °F) for a few hours. In some older specimens of Cyclamen purpurascens and Cyclamen rohlfsianum, growing points on the tuber become separated by shoulders of tissue, and the tuber becomes misshapen. I was amazed to see what I thought was a rare perennial, seeding all through her woodlandlawn and was immediately struck by how tough cyclamen were, and obviously, how easy they were to cultivate. It is a tuberous perennial with (usually) variegated leaves, and deep pink flowers in summer. Cyclamen is a genus of 23 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. Cyclamen species are eaten by the caterpillars of the Gothic moth. Cyclamen. [9] In English, the species of the genus are commonly called by the genus name. Those that are larger and sold dry will, like as not, have been dug up from the wild, putting natural supplies at risk. planted where they can be left undisturbed. It is widely established in some Kentish woodlands. Since Cyclamen are native to the countries that surround the Mediterranean and grow in the autumn, winter and spring, too much warmth means it feels like summer and time to go dormant for a few months, as a tuber (a bit like a small potato) under the soil/compost. Selected cyclamen cultivars can have white, bright pink, red or purple flowers. Species in the Cyclamen hederifolium group have flowers with auricles, leaves usually with angles, and tubers with roots from the top and sides. It was traditionally classified in the family Primulaceae, was reclassified in the family Myrsinaceae [4] in 2000,[5] and finally, in 2009 with the introduction of the APG III system, was returned to the subfamily Myrsinoideae within the family Primulaceae.[6]. It is commonly planted as a rememberance plant in churchyards and cemeteries and regularly becomes established in untended parts of such places, as well as on roadsides and beside footpaths. Flowering time may be any month of the year, depending on the species. In Cyclamen rohlfsianum, however, the cone of anthers sticks out prominently, about 2–3 mm (0.08–0.12 in) beyond the rim of the corolla, similar to shooting-stars (Dodecatheon). Description: Rosy pink flowers from The covering does not dry out during the Spring. Cyclamen to brighten up your home . Certain climate change models suggest many species could become extinct in their current range within the next 50 years.[14]. Others, such as C. africanum, C. persicum, and C. rohlfsianum, only tolerate mild and brief frost. [12], The lower side of leaves is often shiny, and its color varies from plain green to rich red or purple.[12]. In most species, the style protrudes 1–3 mm out of the nose of the flower, but the stamens are inside the flower. It w… coum, or finely toothed, as in Cyclamen graecum. Cyclamen graecum has thick anchor roots on the bottom.[10]. to build up the bulb for flowering the following year. Here to Buy Cyclamen tubers September to December. There are no native Cyclamen species in the UK, but Common Sowbread in particular is very popular as a garden plant as it is hardy and spreads itself readily. Cyclamen hederifolium and Cyclamen purpurascens bloom in summer and autumn, Cyclamen persicum and Cyclamen coum bloom in winter, and Cyclamen repandum blooms in spring.[13]. Rather happliy, slugs and snails aren't tempted by these gems! These plants are dormant in the summer months and require very little water at this time. The leaf margin may be smooth, as in Cyclamen coum subsp. Cyclamen persicum and Cyclamen coum root from the bottom; Cyclamen hederifolium roots from the top and sides. Cyclamen are commonly grown for their flowers, both outdoors and indoors in pots. Cyclamen, both potted for the house and growing in the garden, add a welcome burst of colour at this time of year. Species in the Cyclamen persicum group have toothed leaves and flowers with or without auricles. Many species are hardy, generally in USDA Hardiness Zones 7 and above. Cyclamen is a small but diverse genus of plants. repandum and ecology in Corsica and continental France", "Morphological differentiation among closely related species with disjunct distributions: a case study of Mediterranean Cyclamen L. subgen. However, in a few areas, plant conservation charities have educated local people to control the harvest carefully at a sustainable level, including sowing seed for future crops, both sustaining the wild populations and producing a reliable long-term income. The dark color on the flower nose varies in shape: Cyclamen persicum has a smooth band, Cyclamen hederifolium has a streaky V, and Cyclamen coum has an M-shaped splotch with two white or pink "eyes" beneath. The flower stem coils or bends when the fruit begins to form. This is the winter flowering hardy cyclamen, the species being native to the temperate forests around the Black Sea. The shape of the tuber may be near spherical, as in Cyclamen coum or flattened, as in Cyclamen hederifolium. Cyclamen diversity in the Mediterranean has been studied extensively to understand how the species remain distinct (Debussche et al., 2000, 2002, 2003) and how they have reacted to the dramatic climate changes in the region. Cyclamen are a genus within the Primulaceae family, native to Europe and the Mediterranean. [13] In all species, the stem is normally bent 150-180° at the tip, so that the nose of the flower faces downwards. The flowers are unique in that the cone of stamens protrudes well below the mouth, somewhat resembling a dodecatheon. Basic Cyclamen Plant Care. Other Cyclamen (US: /ˈsaɪkləmɛn/ SY-klə-men or UK: /ˈsɪkləmɛn/ SIK-lə-men)[1][2][3] is a genus of 23 species of perennial flowering plants in the family Primulaceae. Cyclamen species range from frost-hardy to frost-tender. Produced from a tuber, it is long-lived and truly bejewels the fall garden. Cyclamen species are native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin east to Iran, with one species in Somalia. These colorful houseplants are especially popular … It is low-growing They grow from tubers and are valued for their flowers with upswept petals and variably patterned leaves. Cyclamens are plants native to an area of southern Europe, northern Africa and western Asia bordering the Mediterranean sea. Habitat:  It Most species have leaves variegated in several shades of green and silver, either in an irregular pattern of blotches or an arrowhead or Christmas tree shape. Most species, like Cyclamen persicum, have no auricles. They grow from tubers and are valued for their flowers with upswept petals and variably patterned leaves. Both are completely hardy and relatively easy but they don't enjoy poor drainage. Stroll around London in late winter and early spring, perhaps on the way to the RHS Early Spring Plant Fair, and you’ll see windowboxes planted with colourful cyclamen with prettily marbled foliage.These are tender Cyclamen persicum and, essentially, they’re grown as winter bedding plants in the mildest, most sheltered situations. Most species of hardy cyclamen are native to the Mediterranean which means they sometimes struggle in our wet climate. Growing cyclamen indoors requires you to understand how to care for these plants if you want them to produce the pretty flowers that are a delight to behold. Cyclamen make excellent pot plants to liven up a room and bring the living space some character. Cyclamen are tender tuberous plants, with little similiarity with Primrose. Buy your hardy cyclamen as young growing plants with small corms. Species in the Cyclamen coum group have flowers with short petals, round or oval leaves, and small tubers rooting from the center of the bottom. The small-flowered varieties of Cyclamen persicum (or so called 'florist's' forms) come in white, crimson or magenta and are in a different league to the large-flowered, large-leaved brigade, which feel rubbery, overfed and coarse in comparison.. We are specialist growers and producers of native Bluebell bulbs, Wild Daffodil bulbs, Wild Garlic bulbs, Lesser, Celandine bulbs, Wood Anemone rhizomes, Snakeshead Fritillary Bulbs, Snowdrop, Bulbs Tenby Daffodil Bulbs, Native Wildflower bulbs. Species of the Cyclamen cilicium group have small leaves sometimes scalloped or toothed and small tubers rooting from the bottom. Each flower is on a stem coming from a growing point on the tuber. C. repandum survives temperatures down to −14 °C (7 °F), but not prolonged freezing below this temperature. It is therefore properly classified as a tuber (somewhat like a potato). prefers dappled shade or an undisturbed woodland setting where it will In cultivation, cyclamens, especially species other than Cyclamen persicum, are selected as often or more often for striking or unusual leaf patterns than for their flowers. Plant with about 7cm of soil above the bulb, so that the soil The most suited to the shady garden are the Spring flowering Cyclamen coum, and the August/September flowering Cyclamen hederifolium. Wild Cyclamen is native in Europe and the Mediterranean and has escaped from gardens and naturalised in many areas across southern Britain. Cyclamen repandum has petals much longer than wide, Cyclamen coum has stubby, almost round petals, and Cyclamen hederifolium usually has petals with proportions between the two. Autumn flowering Cyclamen graecum is a very variable species with a wild distribution which includes the southern parts of the mainland of Greece and the south coast of Turkey, and part of the north of Cyprus. naturalised in many areas across southern Britain. Natural seed dispersal is by ants (myrmecochory), which eat the sticky covering and then discard the seeds. Each leaf grows on its own stem. Click C. hederifolium was introduced into Britain before 1596, and seems to be increasingly frequent in woodlands and hedgerows near to, or as a relic of, former cultivation. Plant the bulbs as These popular garden shrubs might not be native to the UK, but their bright shades of pink, white, blue and purple and long flowering period make them a popular addition to gardens. Cyclamens have a tuber, from which the leaves, flowers and roots grow. Psilanthum Schwarz (Primulaceae)", "Generic realignment in primuloid families of the Ericales s.l. The form of C. repandum native to Rhodes, for example, is white with a flushed nose, rather than the usual dark pink. The word cyclamen is derived from medieval Latin. In Cyclamen hederifolium, older tubers commonly reach 24 cm (9 1⁄2 in) across, but in Cyclamen parviflorum, tubers do not grow larger than 2 cm (3⁄4 in) across.[11]. Hardy cyclamen species and cultivars are ideal for naturalising under trees, on banks or in a shady border and planted in association with other early-flowering woodland plants such as snowdrops, winter aconites and primroses. My next encounter with the genus was tying to grow the non-hardy Cyclamen persicum hybrids which flooded the box store market starting in the 1970s. They are particularly prone to waterlogging in the summer. Species of the Cyclamen repandum group have flowers with long, slender petals, leaves with scalloped edges, and tubers rooting from the center of the bottom. The tuber may produce roots from the top, sides, or bottom, depending on the species. Cyclamen persicum has attractive, heart-shaped leaves with light marbling and flowers which bloom from early winter to spring. This started me on a lifetime of cyclamen fondness. Cyclamen purpurascens (Alpine, European or purple cyclamen) is a species of flowering plant in the genus Cyclamen of the family Primulaceae, native to central Europe, northern Italy, and Slovenia. Good drainage is essential. Cyclamen Cyclamen are a lovely group of tuberous plants. In some species, such as Cyclamen hederifolium, the petal edges at the nose are curved outwards into auricles (Latin for "little ears"). It starts flowering in August, and continues throughout the autumn. Many species have a pink form and a white form, but a few have only one color, such as Cyclamen balearicum, which is always white. The storage organ of the cyclamen is a round tuber that develops from the hypocotyl (the stem of a seedling). Native to Western Asia, North Africa and parts of Europe, Cyclamen is a member of the plant family, Primulaceae or Primrose. Distribution:  August to September. It prefers dappled shade or an undisturbed woodland setting where it will … About: Cyclamen are tuberous perennial plants with delicate blooms and mottled green-silver foliage, providing the perfect plant for naturalising beneath trees and shrubs in a meadow or woodland garden. In most species, leaves come up in autumn, grow through the winter, and then die in spring, then the plant goes dormant through the dry Mediterranean summer. Names:  Temperatures above 20 °C (68 °F) may induce the plant to go dormant. Several species, particularly Cyclamen hederifolium, are hardy and can be grown outdoors in mild climates such as northwest Europe and the Pacific Northwest of North America. It is a tuberous perennial with heart-shaped leaves and flowers in shades of pink, red, or white. C. hederifolium has even survived prolonged freezing and temperatures down to −30 °C (−22 °F). Leaves and flowers sprout from growing points on the top of the tuber. Cyclamen repandum comes from the Italian Mediterranean so in colder gardens in the UK they can be subsumed by a late frost. Flower color is pale … On heavy clays it grows better in raised beds or on a rockery. Rosettes of superbly marked and marbled leaves surround bunches of rose-petalled flowers, blotched at the base and veined in red. [11], The size of the tuber varies depending on species. In nature, cyclamens grow in cool, humid environments. It may be over-recorded for other naturalised Cyclamen species. Petal shape varies depending on species, and sometimes within the same species. Cyclamen hederifolium, the ivy-leafed cyclamen, is native to Southern Europe and Turkey, and seems to be completely at home in our gardens. In many areas within the native range, cyclamen populations have been severely depleted by collection from the wild, often illegally, for the horticultural trade; some species are now endangered as a result. Cyclamen care starts with the correct temperature. Other Names: Sowbread Distribution: The Wild Cyclamen is native in Europe and the Mediterranean and has escaped from gardens and naturalised in many areas across southern Britain.It is widely established in some Kentish woodlands. [12], The color of the upper side of leaves is variable, even within a species. Wild Cyclamen is native in Europe and the Mediterranean and Most cyclamen species originate from the Mediterranean, where summers are hot and dry and winters are cool and wet, and are summer-dormant: their leaves sprout in the autumn, remain through the winter, and wither the next spring. Cyclamen hederifolium and Cyclamen repandum usually have leaves shaped like ivy, with angles and lobes, Cyclamen coum has nearly round leaves, and Cyclamen persicum has heart-shaped leaves with a pointed tip. Cyclamen are hardy plants, flowering through the winter. bottom. The Cyclamen genus comprises around 20 species, the most familiar being C purpurascens, widely cultivated as a houseplant for its showy, dark green leaves flecked with silver, and nodding white, pink or red flowers with their familiar, reflexed petals. Native to parts of Europe, western Asia and parts of North Africa; cyclamen are also highly cultivated plants.Genus Cyclamen covers the botany of all taxa, including taxonomic description, flowering period, distribution and habitat based on scientific studies and fieldwork by cyclamen experts. Species in the Cyclamen purpurascens group have flowers with slight or no auricles and round or heart-shaped leaves. The storage organ of the cyclamen has no papery covering and, depending on the species, roots may grow out of any part. Let’s look at how to take care of cyclamen plants both during and after blooming. subsp. Native to rocky hillsides and shrubland, Cyclamen persicum is a colourful houseplant that looks good in winter. The Cyclamen Society recognises 20 Cyclamen species. Growing up to 4-6 inches tall (10-15 cm) and 6-12 in. They will bloom profusely in shady locations – their dense mats of marbled oval to round leaves with delicate shell-like flowers floating above in shades of pink and white providing distinctive and stunning colour to your garden. In both cases, the flower colour can vary widely covering a range from white through to dark pink, and shades of purple. quickly spread, but it will even grow in full sun. Uses: The shape of the leaves varies between the species, and even between different specimens of the same species. Latin: Cyclamen hederifolium. has escaped from gardens and If the soil dries out, the plant may not have sufficient moisture genus of flowering plants in the family Primulaceae, Distribution map of the species of the genus cylamen in Europe, Asia and Africa. The fruit is a round pod that opens by several flaps or teeth at maturity and contains numerous sticky seeds, brown at maturity. They are best Leaves sprout from growing points or floral trunks on top of the tuber. Cyclamen plants prefer cool environments, and do best with a daytime temperature between 15.5 to 18.3 C (60 to 65 F) and a nighttime temperature of around 10 C (50 F). The flowers have five petals and can be white to pale pink, with darker shades of pink and magenta at the base. Planting Instructions for Tubers:  Cyclamen persicum, or florists cyclamen, has sweet-scented small (1/2 to 3/4 inch) flowers that are produced on long stems, held upright above the foliage. The most frost-hardy species, such as C. purpurascens, C. hederifolium, C. coum, and C. cilicium, tolerate temperatures down to −20 °C (−4 °F). The cyclamen is native to Europe and the Mediterranean east to Iran. Avoid direct sun or the leaves will burn, and avoid heating draughts. My first encounter with hardy cyclamen was in the garden of the late Rachel Dunham of Cary, NC in the 1960s. Even the foliage is attractive, often having silver marbling on the top sides of the leaves. Cyclamen hederifolium 'Stargazer' is an exception to this; its nose faces upwards. soon as possible upon receipt. It is frost hardy to very low temperatures, down to -10C where the soil is not waterlogged. The cyclamen is a beautiful winter-blooming plant that’s a popular choice for indoor growing. Cyclamen coum, on the other hand, flowers later in the autumn, alongside its fully emerged leaves. [12] Leaf stems in early growth may be distinguished from flower stems by the direction their tips curl: tips of leaf stems curl upwards, while tips of flower stems curl downwards. Wild Cyclamen Tubers. Cyclamen species are native to Europe and the Mediterranean Basin east to Iran, with one species in Somalia. AGM wide (15-30 cm), it … : A phylogenetic analysis based on DNA sequences from three chloroplast genes and morphology",, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles lacking in-text citations from October 2016, Articles needing additional references from December 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 October 2020, at 11:27. Cyclamens bloom in different seasons, depending on the species. Dark green ivy-like leaves mottled with pale Cyclamen purpurascens and Cyclamen colchicum, however, originate from cooler regions in mountains, and their leaves remain through the summer and wither only after the next year's leaves have developed.