UV11 (a bacterium that produces reddish colonies on agar) collected at Fildes Peninsula, King George Island, Antarctica, were tested as sensitizers in dye sensitized solar cells (DSSC). Smarter energy use is critical for a sustainable energy future. These efforts reflect our longstanding commitment to environmental leadership and one of IBM's core business values “innovation that matters—for our company and for the world.” Examples of IBM solutions that are advancing sustainability follow. In the current study, a product was formulated by coating urea with bioaugmented zinc oxide (ZnO) to improve wheat productivity under a saline environment. As water stress, droughts, flooding, and failing infrastructure strain economies and quality of life in many regions of the world, the Digital Delta solution offers a smart model that is now being replicated for better water management in other areas of the world. As the world has become increasingly instrumented and interconnected, we are witnessing an extraordinary growth of “big data.” A range of technologies and capabilities—from cloud computing to analytics, from mobile and social platforms to cognitive learning—is transforming this data into a resource that can lead us to better choices and new opportunities for improving environmental sustainability. Built in partnership with cities, these new Smarter Cities Management Centers for transportation, water and emergency management bring together IBM's portfolio of leading Intelligent Operations software, IBM Global Business Services expertise, and IBM's broad analytics capabilities. Dark Pedagogy: Education, Horror and the Anthropocene. We apply our expertise, research and technology to develop solutions that help our company, our clients and the world operate in ways that are more efficient and protective of the environment. The availability of infrastructural facilities which drives economic growth in the study area, enhance the coping capacity of the farmers to environmental change. In this study, Pseudomonas putida BSP9 isolated from rhizosphere of Brassica juncea was investigated for its plant growth promoting and biosurfactant producing activities. Bacterial dyes are utilized in such cells which makes, ). Application of weeds and grasses for the rejuvenation of disturbed terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems Water Growing populations can strain the supply of clean water, while changing weather patterns challenge our ability to sustain agriculture through droughts or to prevent floods during storms. By joining, these partners will be able to tap into IBM's unparalleled expertise in cognitive computing across our 12 research labs and our new Watson business unit. The review documents prominent secondary metabolites from HT-PGPR and their role in modulating responses of plants to salinity stress. This sandstone complex, commonly interpreted as impact tsunami deposits of K-T boundary age, was deposited during climate cooling, low sea level, and intensified currents, leading to erosion of nearshore areas (including Chicxulub impact spherules), transport, and redeposition via submarine channels into deeper waters. Thus, we investigated bacterial community composition in soil treated with phosphate-based inorganic and organic fertilizers, in the presence of Vicia faba plants at flowering and fruiting time using NGS 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing. Consequently, there is a need to integrate adaptation options into the community development process for Agricultural sustainability. Genetic engineering along with several tools like, ). In this direction, the literature on soil metagenomics and its usefulness is ever-increasing and so as its implementation experiences. E. coli is first genetically engineered to heterologously express the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway from plants. Click for larger version. Supported by the Kenyan Information, Communication and Technology Authority and located at the Catholic University of Eastern Africa, it features one of Africa's most powerful cloud-enabled computing hubs. Each domain draws upon engineers, natural and social scientists, designers, and arts & humanities to understand and address critical challenges. Over the past few decades, the Korean government has established several policies to tackle challenges pertaining to solid waste management. Therefore, the current study suggests the application of BAZ-coated urea for enhancing wheat's physiology, antioxidant system, nutrient efficiency, and productivity effectively and economically. 2014; 37(3):235-50 (ISSN: 1550-5111) Huffling K; Schenk E. In acute care practice sites, the intensive care unit (ICU) is one of the most resource-intense environments. The relationships and variation among all the studied morpho-physio and biochemical attributes of wheat were also studied by principal component (PC) and correlation analysis. Located in Nairobi, Kenya, it is the first commercial technology research facility in Africa. In fewer than 500 generations of growth in the presence of vitamin B 12, we observe the evolution of a B 12 -dependent clone that rapidly displaces its ancestor. The contamination of heavy metals has been found in, ). Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), ). Alpha-diversity was significantly decreased by both organic and inorganic amendments, especially a species evenness because each fertilizer tends to stimulate the growth of distinctive microbes that dominated the community of amended soil. Currently climate change is happening mainly due, ). It is essential to investigate to which extent and how specifically soil-plant-microbe interactions can be conditioned by different agricultural practices. Global carbon emissions are increasing due to, emission due to fossil fuel combustion hav, ). Optimal Policy-Making for Municipal Waste Management based on Predictive Model Optimization, Response of Soil Bacterial Community to Application of Organic and Inorganic Phosphate Based Fertilizers under Vicia faba L. Cultivation at Two Different Phenological Stages, Halotolerant potassium solubilizing plant growth promoting rhizobacteria may improve potassium availability under saline conditions, Novel Bioformulations Developed from Pseudomonas putida BSP9 and Its Biosurfactant for Growth Promotion of Brassica juncea (L.), Soil Metagenomics: Prospects and Challenges, A Simplified Sub-Surface Soil Salinity estimation using Synergy of Sentinel-1 SAR and Sentinel-2 multispectral satellite data, for early stages of wheat crop growth in Rupnagar, Punjab, India, Understanding Farmers' Vulnerability to Environmental Change in Semi-Arid Region: A Key to Agricultural Sustainability, Secondary Metabolites From Halotolerant Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria for Ameliorating Salinity Stress in Plants, MINI REVIEW Secondary Metabolites From Halotolerant Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria for Ameliorating Salinity Stress in Plants, Impact of Coating of Urea with Bacillus-Augmented Zinc Oxide on Wheat Grown under Salinity Stress, Effect of salt and water stress on root infection by Macrophomina phaseolina and ion composition in shoot in sorghum, Biodiversity conservation for sustainable future, Sundarbans mangrove forest of Bangladesh: causes of degradation and sustainable management options, Response Surface Methodology-Genetic Algorithm Based Medium Optimization, Purification, and Characterization of Cholesterol Oxidase from Streptomyces rimosus. Our water infrastructure, in service for upwards of 100 years in many regions, is under pressure, to say the least. IBM is helping many cities leverage their data with analytics to address the challenge of meeting the needs of all these people effectively and sustainably. IBM worked closely with BWSSB to create a water management system with operational dashboards and analytical tools to serve as a central command center for monitoring, administering and managing the city's water supply networks. Using weather modeling, advanced cloud imaging, and turbine and solar photovoltaic sensors combined with analytics, it can provide accurate estimates of 15-minute to one-month energy output projections. At the same time, it is estimated that, by 2050, our planet will need to feed more than 9.2 billion people, 34 percent higher than today. Now that we’ve entered 2017, the team at Corporate Citizenship have been busy thinking what sustainability challenges face business for the year ahead. Microbiol, https ://www.pbl.nl/en/publi catio ns/2010/Re, https ://doi.org/10.1787/97892 64251 724-en, (Oligochaeta) following application of three, (L.) DC. In another, ) application of microbial bio-sorbents is used as a, ). Likewise, the temporal relationship between bolide impact and the end-Cretaceous extinction implies a causal relationship, but the mechanics of the biotic losses remain unclear. The better strategies to examine RNA or DNA from soil allow us to understand the microbial diversity and features in the soil, which are challenging to identify by typical culture techniques. Carbon Dioxide Information Analy, https ://www.dhush ara.com/Biocr isis/18/5/, and its mode of action. Sustainability – Challenges and solutions Several factors, which are interactive in nature, are affecting as well as threatening the existence of our planet Earth. This talk will review and evaluate the environmental factors implicated in major episodes of species extinctions through time, and further explore the mechanisms that link these proximal killers to their ultimate drivers. Deccan volcanism, the Chicxulub impact, and the end-Cretaceous mass extinction: Coincidence? Environmental Protection and Sustainability Uncover better solutions to help manage a wide range of environmental problems and challenges facing our world today. Experience with the system has reduced forecast errors from 25 percent to 8 percent; increased the quantity of intermittent generation dispatched to the grid by 10 percent; and improved the planning for and matching of conventional output with renewable-generation sources. It is now estimated that 34% of the total biodi, ). Bangalore's massive population growth—from 5.4 million in 2000 to over 10 million and counting has put tremendous strain on the city's water supply and distribution systems. Although the interpretation of limited details has influenced microbial ecologists, the scope of methodological bias remains unfamiliar. The reworked spherule layers at the base of the sandstone complex in NE Mexico and Texas were deposited in the upper half of CF1, ∼50-80 k.y. Growing populations can strain the supply of clean water, while changing weather patterns challenge our ability to sustain agriculture through droughts or to prevent floods during storms. The promising ZSB strain Bacillus sp. IBM is actively engaged in this area as a founding member of the Intelligent Utility Network Coalition and through our own research and solutions. Plants are more sensitive to salinity as compared to, ). UV11 dyes, Fundamental shift in vitamin B12 eco-physiology of a model alga demonstrated by experimental evolution, Development of Bioformulation for Sustainable Agriculture, Microorganisms for Sustainability (Book Series Springer): http://www.springer.com/series/14379, Secondary metabolites from fluorescent pseudomonads (FLPs). To get a deeper look at the details of our P&G sustainability efforts, download our 2019 Citizenship report. Click for larger version. Alongside our improved understanding of mass extinction events, developments in experimental biology have yielded important knowledge of the responses of species to environmental change. The isolate showed the ability to produce indole acetic acid, siderophore, phosphate solubilization activity and was an efficient producer of biosurfactant. Environmental sustainability in the intensive care unit: challenges and solutions. Experiments were performed in the presence and in the absence of a co-adsorbent, a slimy substance produced by UV11 and identified as a polysaccharide during this work. The stats of undernourished people are, ). By modeling weather events, the Netherlands can determine the best course of action, including storing water, diverting it from low-lying areas, and avoiding salt-water intrusion into drinking water, sewage overflows, and water contamination. The study adopted a survey design and the method utilized for the study was a questionnaire administered to 400 farmers in the study area. The historical trends in biodiversity loss across the, ). Rhizoremediation is a low cost, rapid and effi, ). 5. Soil salinization has emerged as one of the prime environmental constraints endangering soil quality and agricultural productivity. Hence, the application of such potential products may enhance nutrient availability and Zn uptake in wheat under salt stress. Because the forecasts will be available on mobile devices, farmers will have 24-hour access to critical weather information in conjunction with other relevant field data. Environmental issues have become a common concern for people around the globe. The application of these KSB strains significantly improved the shoot length, fresh weight, dry weight and chlorophyll contents of paddy plants grown under saline conditions. Two examples: Data-driven precision agriculture is the focus of a collaboration in which IBM and the Flint River Partnership (which includes the Flint River Soil and Water Conservation District, the US Department of Agriculture's Natural Resources Conservation Service, and The Nature Conservancy), together with the University of Georgia, are helping farmers in the Lower Flint River Basin of Georgia conserve water, improve crop yields and mitigate the impact of future droughts. Our growing city has to address many environmental issues: Not just preserving open spaces and natural habitats, but also providing responsible water stewardship and flood mitigation. Challenges in Environmental Sustainability of renewable energy options in Singapore. Increasing levels of salt not only impair structure of soil and its microbial activity but also restrict plant growth by causing harmful imbalance and metabolic disorders. ). The experiment was conducted in pots by applying urea granules after coating with BAZ, to evaluate its effects on wheat physiology, antioxidant activity, and productivity under saline (100 mM NaCl) and non-saline (0 mM NaCl) conditions. The results suggest that an intense (2–5 °C) global warming would have lasted for several years after a Chicxulub-size impact mainly due to the greenhouse effect of tropospheric O3, which is produced via photochemical reactions associated with CO gas. Purification (of the biosurfactant) by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and further characterization by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) revealed that biosurfactant produced by the isolate belonged to the glycolipid category, which is largely produced by Pseudomonas sp. The review documents prominent secondary metabolites from HT-PGPR and their role in modulating responses of plants to salinity stress. These results may contribute to the development of an exploration program of Antarctic resources, and offer the possibility to start the change in the energetic matrix in that remote area of the Planet, decreasing the environmental impact associated with the use of fossil fuels. The results revealed that the application of BAZ-coated urea alleviated salt stress through improving the seed germination, plant height, root length, photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, soil plant analysis development (SPAD) value, number of tillers and grains, spike length, spike weight, 1000-grain weight, antioxidant activity (APX, GPX, GST, GR, CAT, and SOD), and NPK contents in the straw and grains of the wheat plants. RSM-GA based optimization approach predicted that the combination of yeast extract, dextrose, starch and ammonium carbonate at concentrations 0.99, 0.8, 0.1, and 0.05 g/100 ml respectively, has resulted in 3.6 folds increase in COD production (5.41 U/ml) in comparison with the un-optimized medium (1.5 U/ml). coincidence with the mass extinction. As such, IGES has conducted this preliminary analysis to understand the environmental and sustainability challenges associated with the crisis, and their potential solutions… Fossil fuel consumption for supply of ener, ). Thus it can be said that in relation to adverse impact, emissions due to fossil fuel combustion (1870-2014), Increase of sea levels due to global warming (, ). In doing so, essential understanding on the reference soil would serve to help upcoming soil survey initiatives, lessening bias and raising objectivity. concerns regarding the environmental sustainability of prevailing practices. The presence of the Vicia faba plant increased the abundance of N fixing bacterial such as Bardyrhizobium, Microvirga (Rhizobiales), Arthrobacter, and Psuedoarthrobacter (Actinomycetales) in soil. According to the US Department of Health, in the United States alone, one in six people are affected by food-borne diseases each year, resulting in 128,000 hospitalizations, 3,000 deaths, and a nearly $80 billion economic burden. The new regulations in the code can help us be smarter and more resilient as we protect our natural resources. The system brings an unprecedented level of accountability and efficiency to every stage of the pork production process, from production to distribution to retailer. The World Bank estimates that global costs from leaky water pipes total $14 billion annually. The cities of Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Montpellier, France, are working with IBM to make data-driven decisions to rapidly transform the way they provide water, transportation and emergency management. 20,745 already enrolled! These situations have the potential to affect thousands of people, leading to significant healthcare costs, loss of revenue for food companies, and—in the worst cases—death. The initial medium component screening was performed using Placket-Burman design with yeast extract, dextrose, starch and ammonium carbonate as significant factors. Deadline: 30th September, 2017. ocean acidification) has intensified debate over the ultimate cause(s) of mass extinctions (e.g. reen alternatives to the fossil fuels thus combating the problems related to pollution and global warming. The CO/CO2 ratio of the shock-induced gas species from calcite is measured to be 2.02±0.41, suggesting that gaseous CO has been dominant in the shock-induced gases in the Chicxulub impact. Maximum increment was achieved by plants inoculated with bioformulation that had BSP9 plus biosurfactant. According to Organization for Economic, ). Microbes with resistant genes are isolated and are, ). The microbial biocontrol agents provide, ). There is growing evidence that large igneous province eruptions might be the driver of proximal kill mechanisms, but the link between those phenomena is still not well understood. In the current study, 42 KSB strains were isolated from paddy rhizosphere soil grown under salt-affected conditions. ESI’s priorities for research fall into three domain areas: Climate Science and Earth Systems, Cities and Infrastructure, and Sustainable Production and Consumption. We define policy in terms of the number of waste collection human resources cost, waste carrier’s vehicle cost and fuel cost. of the Maastrichtian correlates with at least four rapid, massive volcanic eruptions known as the longest lava flows on Earth that ended with the mass extinction, probably due to runaway effects. Saline soils are characterized by low moisture, depicts the recent occurrence of different dis, Distribution of salt-affected soils in different regions of globe, ) projected that the continued intensified production, ), along with high food chain losses (IWMI, ). AZ6 was used for bioaugmentation on ZnO powder and termed as Bacillus sp. Water is one of the world's most abundant natural resources but it is also fast becoming one of the most stressed. The applicability of the statistical tools coupled with artificial intelligence techniques was tested to optimize the critical medium components for the production of extracellular cholesterol oxidase (COD; an enzyme of commercial interest) from Streptomyces rimosus MTCC 10792. Insect resistant Bt crops such as Bt maize and, Biological market share of agrochemicals (, ). Further, fertilizer treatments did not have a stronger effect on plant production as compared to the effect on microbial community, which highlights that organic fertilizers did not tend to increase plant production. The levels of farmers’ vulnerability identified in this study were 4. For more information on our 2030 goals, download our Ambition 2030 plan. The review also highlights the mechanisms involved in the production of secondary metabolites by HT-PGPR in saline conditions. Digital Delta, a solution developed by IBM in collaboration with the Dutch Ministry for Water (Rijkswaterstaat), the local Water Authority Delfland, Deltares Science Institute and the University of Delft, is harnessing insights from big data to transform flood control and management of the entire Dutch water system. Eco-restoration of degraded land with the application of endemic plant species The present economic system often rewards the most unsustainable practices, and by doing so, prolongs the pathology of the status quo, monopolizes resources, maintains the power structure, and decreases the opportunity for a new system to be designed and built tha… Recently the phosphate solubilizing abilities, ). IBM is involved in more than 150 smart grid engagements around the world, in both mature and emerging markets. Legumes such as Vicia faba is one of the essential functional group in intercropping and crop rotations due to its higher N fixing capacity. Exacerbating this huge challenge are failing water infrastructures and changing weather patterns resulting in floods and droughts. The solid waste data, along with predictive analytics, help the municipality to devise customized policies for different residential grids. The enzyme was stable at pH 7.0 and 40 °C temperature. Apart from stress responses PGPM also are respon, ). Here we investigate the origins of vitamin dependence, using an experimental evolution approach with the vitamin B 12 -independent model green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. In China, pork is a major pillar of the economy in the Shandong Province, one of the country's most important agricultural regions. Creating long-term shareholder value while considering environmental, social and governance issues is not a new concept for drug companies. It also helps forecast future demands on the water supply and helps city leaders coordinate responses to flood or drought. These alterations could be due to changes that occurred in the plant nutrient requirement and varied root exudation patterns at a specific phenological stage. The research seeks to proffer a solution to farmers’ vulnerability to environmental change and promote Agricultural sustainability in the face of climate change in dryland areas. 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