Sometimes, a librarian has the enviable job of specifying requirements for a library built from scratch, and he or she can envisage a building ideal for purpose. Dove, A. Level 5 houses the staff offices and level 6 is dedicated to local studies and family history. Library Space Planning April 2020 Libraries come in all shapes and sizes. Many libraries have now installed comfortable chairs in particular areas, while tables should be of differing sizes to accommodate different study needs. Whereas up to a couple of decades ago, knowledge work might have generally involved individuals poring over books, now it can equally be propelled by group discussion, or looking at resources over the Internet. There is some anecdotal evidence that the presence of a café increases library use: according to one example traffic increased by as much as 42 per cent when a Starbucks was added (Stephan, quoted in Waxman et al., 2007). Libraries should have a clear layout with a logical organization of space so that the user can find his or her way around easily. Nov 19, 2018 - Library Space Planning. Good features include wheelchair access to and within the building, signage, furniture at appropriate height, and assistive technology. The first type of library space is the collection space. A priority was the installation of new lighting in the central lobby area – two large (12 ft by 12 ft) ceiling lights at either end which literally changed the atmosphere "at the flick of a switch" so that the lobby is now basked in a warm and inviting glow (Houlihan, 2005). She was lucky enough to be able to benefit from an exercise from a marketing class in which students were asked to do a market research project on the library. Collection space also includes public access computer space. Very often libraries are multi-purpose – public libraries are also community centres, and academic libraries are social centres and even entertainment venues, with the occasional film show. In fact, few building projects are as complex as a library in terms of mixed audience, equipment and purpose. Use this selective listing of resources to manage your new library building, addition, or renovation project. He didthis by working skillfully with students, faculty, academic staff, administrators, and librarians, both individually and in groups. Many of the students were unrealistic about what a small library could provide, so their demands could not be met in full. Disabled students are helped through the Adaptive Technology Center which provides a variety of services such as high speed scanning and adaptive technology. framework for space planning in the MIT Libraries over the next fi ve to ten years. It also points to sources of information on the practicalities of managing a Houlihan, R. (2005), "The academic library as congenial space: more on the Saint Mary's experience", New Library World, Vol. Retired, 2001- ; Senior Advisor for the library program of the. Facilitated by David Vinjamuri, this interactive workshop uses lessons from retail stores to show participants how to make their libraries more accessible and understandable for patrons. Some features of his consulting practice: University of Illinois, M.S., 1976 (Library Science), Indiana University, M.A., 1966; Ph.D., 1967 (English), Oberlin College, A.B. The consultant Scott Thomas, Yale University Librarian Emeritus, has considerable experience in planning and refurbishing libraries, and believes that the design of academic libraries should begin with the educational experience. Students, faculty and staff go to the library for various reasons. Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (2002), Design Review, CABE, London. 669-681. Library as place: Rethinking roles, rethinking space (Perspectives on the evolving library). The Advisory Council for Library Planning and Development revised the Guide in 2014. Here, nubile female students would walk along the central aisle in very short skirts; it was a great place to see and be seen. Boone, M.D. (See http://www.is.ed.ac.uk/mlrp/vision.html.). Library space planning: A Participatory Action Research approach Somerville, Mary & Brown-Sica, Margaret (2011) Library space planning: A Participatory Action Research approach. The students' immediate requirements are met on the lower floors of the building, while special collections are all upstairs. The database is searchable by many criteria including: type of library, size, cost and special features. The same survey also reported a doubling of computer labs in libraries, to accommodate the vast amount of digital information. Commodity – buildings must work, and should be fit for the purpose for which they were designed. See Space Planning online Help for more information in creating product library. However, not much is known about how the library space contributes to user learning. Planning for library facilities is difficult because of the continuing change in library services. Other parameters, which may help in sizing a library facility, include: •Open stack space/1000 volumes 6m2 2 2 2 OneFor purposes of planning for public library service and facilities needs that a minimum county service area population of 60,000 to 62,000 by 2020 be used. Over 50 clients, since 2004, in the United States and abroad with renovation and new construction projects ranging in likely cost from under $50,000 to over $100 million. Distinguishes between “first questions” relating to learning and institutional mission and “second questions” relating to library operations. 21 No. Michigan State University Library has centralized all its reference desks on the first floor (where previously there were none). Here, we see bookshops leading the way: Lefebvre (2002) found that her students preferred to do their reading in bookshops because they could sit in comfortable chairs, and her experience is hardly unique. Scott Bennett was a consultant on library space planning. The term "learning commons" has been used (Boone, 2003) to refer to areas with services which are less reliant on digital information. Library Space Planning November 2020 Libraries come in all shapes and sizes. 424-434. Sometimes, the library also provides support for other types of learning; for example, the Saint Mary's University Library in Halifax, Nova Scotia introduced a writing centre as a result of concerns about literacy. Representatives visited 25 libraries built or remodelled since 1991, in order to see what does, and does not, work in modern learning spaces. He advocated a depth of collaboration among classroom faculty, librarians, and other academic staff that is transformational in its impact on student learning, on the work of librarians, and on the professional identity of all those involved. This article explores some of the design issues arising from planning space to suit today's customers, together with some advice about where to start from. 9/10, pp. And, while the Internet may have posed an initial threat to librarians in the 1990s, there's a growing realization that the sheer quantity of information in cyberspace calls for professional guidance (Houlihan, 2003). For the bookshelves, sometimes referred to as ''the stacks,'' planners also have to decide what genres of books will go where… These are essential to create the right atmosphere and provide appropriate comfort, and much can be done with furnishing and design if the budget is limited. This brief and to-the-point This brief and to-the-point Library Space Planning: A PLA Guide—eEditions PDF e-book | ALA Store It makes extensive use of glass, solar panels and brise soleil. Aimed at anyone involved in the design of learning spaces, and provide general advice on the main design principles, as well as the process. 1/2, pp. 141-148. Compiled within Aberystwyth University Information Services, Designing Libraries provides a database of library building and refurbishment projects. • … The librarian is the pivot of this cooperative effort, and his basic function is to draft proposals based on his evaluation of the community's needs and the capabiliti… LIBRARY SPACE PLANNING GUIDE-4-Likewise, project the size of this collection 20 years hence. Gisolfi, P. (2018). The open plan layout of Bishopstown Library in Cork, Ireland, is revealed immediately on entering and the internal floor is patterned to lead from the entrance to the issue desk. Library patrons can use this space to look up books and DVDs in the library catalogs, as many libraries no longer use card catalogs. On the contrary, Alan Clark, who runs the Designing Libraries gateway (see resources in section 4), believes that there is a resurgence of interest in library design, and that both Strathclyde and other institutions which have chosen to erect large new libraries are responding to the need to shape new kinds of library space tailored to current and perceived future needs. The Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE, 2002: p. 17) reiterates Henry Wootton’s three principles for building design, namely: Alan Clark would expand firmness or durability to include flexibility and adaptability of the design. The gateway as a whole offers image galleries, news on building projects, events and publications and links to hundreds of resources on all aspects of library design and planning. This gives each library an idea of what your space needs really are. Most countries have legislation in place to support the rights of disabled people to have equal access to buildings. Many libraries have periodical sections, such as newspapers and magazines. There are some other general design principles which must be applied, such as fit to building, navigation, lighting, use of space and use of interior design. They also provide guidelines for designing a library coffee shop, some of which can be applied to the library as a whole: The serious idea behind the introduction of the café is to tempt people inside the building to look at the resources it houses. The author wishes to express gratitude to Alan Clark of Designing Libraries for his help with this article. Here it is only possible to give a brief summary of some of the main principles of good design for libraries. Create a central materials handling and distribution center … 21-29. When the Leipzig Bibliotheca Albertina was renovated, the historic nature of the building imposed certain restrictions: it was not possible to provide seminar rooms, lighting was dim, and the central circulation desk had to be located on the third floor (Blume and Kempf, 2003). Their usage makes the academic library a valuable learning space on campus. In describing a massive library building programme in former East Germany after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Blume and Kempf point out that buildings are needed to house the virtual library's infrastructure, as well as the continued growth in print resources (2003). As with any space, artwork and plants can create a warmer, more "lived in" atmosphere. Even if you are not based in the UK, you can benefit from reading about the examples, particularly those who have won awards. 106: No. Where to start? Milton Keynes Central Library has redesigned its foyer to include a café area, with bistro style tables and chairs as well as brightly coloured sofas and pebble chairs, and also "quick IT" areas; Burton Library (Staffordshire) now has an Internet café in its entrance foyer (see Figure 2). The library at Saint Mary's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia keeps its "top 78" journals in its main reference room in an area with comfortable chairs. 8-20. Add gigabit speed internet to all libraries. In the late 1960s, informal advice to new students at the University of Saint Andrews, Scotland, was that the place to see good legs was the top floor of a particular library. http://www.librarycouncil.ie/news/making_access.shtml, Building and space issues: the German situation and solutions, Monastery to marketplace: a paradigm shift, Bringing users back to the library: a case history, The academic library as congenial space: more on the Saint Mary's experience, The library as congenial space: the Saint Mary's experience, The library as place: providing students with opportunities for socialization, relaxation and restoration. Hence the need not only for appropriate fixtures, but also for some way of avoiding glare from the sunlight. 108 No. Level 3 is dedicated to leisure and is divided into fiction, children's section (with bespoke areas for homework and storytelling). Is this part of a trend to plan the library in virtual rather than real space? Learning and Skills Council (LSC) guidelines for designing learning spaces. Today's libraries need to account for more than just books. 1/2, pp. Its slogan would be: "Don't just go to the library, take it with you". Be aware of your potential assets and use them. 7-15. Many public libraries are housed in buildings also used for other purposes, such as a theatre/cinema, or even a medical centre and lifestyle centre with a gym, while academic libraries are accommodating a wide range of informational and teaching and learning functions. Includes resources on ADA (American with Disabilities Act) compliance and library building … See Figure 4, below. Wilson, G. (2008), "I want a library that meets the requirement of my typical student", Library Gazette, September 5-18. Building Libraries & Library Additions This report constitutes Phase 1 of this effort, which measures and compares library spaces at MIT, and articu-lates a high-level vision for library Modern building design is also concerned with environmental solutions, so buildings need to conserve energy. Madeleine Lefebvre was dismayed by the dim lighting in her library at Saint Mary's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. Library Space Planning Chapter 6 / Lesson 4 Transcript Video Quiz & Worksheet - Library Space Planning Quiz Course Try it risk-free for 30 days Instructions: Choose an answer and hit 'next'. Blume, E. and Kempf, K. (2003), "Building and space issues: the German situation and solutions", Library Hi Tech, Vol. Review that Microsoft database engine 2010 is installed for v2016 and above If not installed in the local computer you can get it from the following page. Consequently, a key part of the refurbishment was the new Timothy Horton branded Folio café. Different sections of the library should be organized in a way that makes sense, for example by demographic or user behaviour. For example, when she first took over as university librarian at Saint Mary's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Madeleine Lefebvre was appalled by the dimly lit, austere building she had inherited, and determined to do what she could to improve the space, although on a limited budget. A Library space type may include both open and closed storage systems and moveable shelving systems, and be applicable to file rooms and other dense storage of material in conditioned office environments. Newcastle City Library is made up of six floors. Open plan designs are useful in this respect. Having furniture, including central units, on casters helps by making it easier to move these items around. Publications since 2003 on library space planning Libraries Designed for Learning (Washington, DC: Council on Library and Information Resources, 2003). Lefebvre, M. (2002), " The library as congenial space: the Saint Mary's experience", New Library World, Vol. He urged that information technologists and student services staff be included in library planning. Describes practical initiatives undertaken by some libraries in Ireland. Morell Boone of Eastern Michigan University wrote a seminal article (Boone, 2003) in which he talked about the library's paradigm shift from being "no longer simply a monastery full of books and journals for scholars but marketplaces competing for clients by offering different arrays of services". A lot of the time, however, it will be a matter of compromise: for example, an old building will need to be adapted, as with Madeleine Lefebvre's refurbishment of Saint Mary's University Library. The Library Council in Ireland has provided a booklet on accessibility, see http://www.librarycouncil.ie/news/making_access.shtml. In fact, few building projects are as complex as a library in terms of mixed audience, equipment and purpose. The provision of space to cater for a number of different learning needs, but with a strong information and communication technology element has led to the creation of the "information commons". This page is older archived content from an older version of the Emerald Publishing website. So, the library as place is still important – but in a different way to how it was a couple of decades ago. He is the author of Libraries Designed for Learning (2003) and an ongoing series of highly regarded and often cited essays on library space planning published since 2005. Once you have a list of requirements, these need to be prioritized into what is essential and what is desirable: you need to know what you can let go. Director, The Milton S. Eisenhower Library. Libraries come in all shapes and sizes. Library Space: A Planning Resource for Librarians  is in part derived from an earlier project undertaken by the MBLC and Sasaki called the “ Ecosystem Study.” The study surveyed library users and library staff across Massachusetts to learn how and why they use the libraries in the state. Library Space Planning Guide Bibliography (Updated to July 2017) Using this Guide and its accompanying Worksheet, librarians and trustees can obtain a general estimate of their library's space needs, and help initiate a larger facilities planning process. 3/4, pp. In an effort to assist libraries with identifying their specific programmatic space needs our team of experts have developed a library planning tool to provide a structured comparison to national and state standards. Waxman et al. The University of Worcester, for example, has a £50 million project to develop a library and history centre, a joint initiative between the university and Worcestershire County Council, the first of its kind in Europe. Hence libraries need to accommodate a wide variety of types of learning, and a good library is one that includes a range of different learning spaces: Many libraries have also relaxed the "no food and drink" policy and there are areas where eating and drinking is allowed. The Designing Libraries database provides an excellent resource for seeing what other libraries have done (see resources in section 4). Firmness – buildings should be sound, and built to last. Saint Mary's University Library in Halifax, Nova Scotia supplied its reference room with reupholstered furniture and laminated computer workstations and coffee tables, which gave the whole area a fresher look on a minimal budget. Bournemouth Library (pictured in Figure 5) won the CILIP/Emerald Public Relations and Publicity Awards in 2002, and makes considerable use of natural light to minimize energy use. Public library professionals looking for more in-depth training on space planning are encouraged to register for PLA's final regional training on this topic, Thursday, Dec. 12 in Jacksonville, Fla. Scott was successful in helping clients to understand the unprecedented situation of academic libraries; to engage with a paradigm shift in services; and to position institutional mission as the chief driver of space design. Opening the Book's experienced designers provide space planning and design services for all sizes of libraries. Building Libraries and Library Additions Building new libraries, additions, and even remodeling can be a daunting task, and one that most librarians do not undertake frequently. They are primarily from the UK and Ireland although wider geographical coverage is planned. This would be the first proposed public project, planned to open in early 2025. 358-366. (2004), "Designing space for knowledge work", Library & Information Update, Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals, March. Furthermore, students tend to come to the library not just to study, but also to use it as a social space – somewhere in which to relax and recover from the tensions of juggling work and study (Waxman et al., 2007). We evaluate the library space and design a floor plan to determine the optimum shelving and loose furniture placement to create a dynamic, multi-purpose environment for people to connect, explore and learn. – it is very important that the space be designed for flexibility, so that, for example, large rooms can be transformed into smaller meeting areas. 107 No. The 400+ entries are mostly public and academic libraries. The most used services – reference and issue desks – and resources should be centrally placed. His consulting practice was rooted in a research, publication, and public speaking program he has conducted since retiring from Yale University in 2001, where he was University Librarian. Blume and Kempf (2003) comment that the rapid advance of technology makes it impossible to speculate how libraries will look in the future. Readers who want a fuller account should look at the resources suggested at the end of this article. As such, it may not display exactly as originally intended. and Haka, C.H. On a college or university campus, the library is a destination for its users. First making its appearance in the 1990s in the USA, it is a loose term which implies a technology rich environment (information) in a shared space (commons) with various different types of working space, for both groups and individuals, and different ways of accessing technology (people can work on their own laptops and on PCs provided). The guide empowers librarians, administrators, space planners, and architects with tools for the planning and design of … When Graham Wilson was given the job of designing the new Middlesex University Sheppard Library, part of his brief was a description of a typical day in the life of a student and how he or she would use the ideal library facility (Wilson, 2008). Assistant University Librarian for Collection Management, Instructor, Assistant and Associate Professor of Library Administration. Space Planning Appendix 7 Table of Frequently used measurements for Library Space Planning (Table IV 1) Note: v. = volumes Library Materials Shelving Capacity Assuming 8 v. … Light is filtered by a solar sail which automatically controls heat and light (Blume and Kempf, 2003). (2007) discuss the importance of social "third spaces" – spaces which are neither home nor work, but ones where people can relax, have fun, see and be seen, and "find rejuvenation for the mind and the spirit". Given that libraries today are used for a multitude of different purposes – not only different types of studying and knowledge work, but also for events, community activities, etc. Newcastle University Library has created a number of different types of space for different types of learning – "social spaces where students can work together on a project if they have a group assignment or if they have a presentation to plan … There are quiet zones where you can work in silence, there are other zones where you can work with your laptop, and zones where you can talk and work" (see our interview with Jill Taylor-Roe, Head of Liaison & Academic Services at Newcastle University Library, which was conducted in December 2007). Level 1 is the main reference and information space, level 2 the space for performances, which can also be turned into a space for meetings and isolated from the rest of the building. He is the author of Libraries Designed for Learning (2003) and an ongoing series of highly regarded and often cited essays on library space planning published since 2005. Representatives visited 25 libraries built or remodelled since 1991, in order to see what does, and does not, work In fact, few building projects are as complex as a library in terms of mixed audience, equipment and purpose. It can be daunting for a librarian to have to contemplate refurbishing their library, still more building a completely new library. The idea is to create a new cultural centre for both town and gown. They must therefore be acquired, if libraries are really to become places where learning happens. So far, we have looked at design in terms of purpose of use, whether social or for learning. It went about it very systematically, conscious of the opportunity to be a leader in the field of library space planning. Librarians are no longer just information specialists; they are also service providers. Waxman, L., Clemons, S., Banning, J. and McKelfresh, D. (2007), "The library as place: providing students with opportunities for socialization, relaxation and restoration", New Library World, Vol. Library Space Planning: A PLA Guide is a brief and to-the-point guide In addition, you will learn how to improve the functionality of your space in the short, medium and long-term, and discover how libraries can use the ideas herein to aid patrons in discovery, discernment and delivery. Whatever the age of the building, there are some design principles which should be observed and are summarized below. The new Sheppard Library at the University of Middlesex is designed so that rooms can be added or removed without major structural alterations or disruption of services (Wilson, 2008). Tech, Vol faculty and staff go to the best effect it must be neither dim nor dazzling ( )! 400+ entries are mostly public and academic libraries, according to Alan of... It easier to move these items around there were none ) type of library space planning and design services all... At Saint Mary 's University in Halifax, Nova Scotia about it very systematically, conscious the... The Guide in 2014 wrongly, library patrons expect robust merchandising, easily accessible spaces, built! Used services – reference and issue desks – and resources should be centrally placed limited to they... Of glass, solar panels and brise soleil makes extensive use of glass, solar and. Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress the intellectual hub for the University, dedicated to learning... By some libraries in Ireland has provided a booklet on accessibility, http. University, 27,000 square feet has been much debate in both the trade and academic press about role. To muffle sound, and multifunctional buildings public and academic libraries, according to Alan Clark of Designing libraries his... Special collections are all upstairs library at Saint Mary 's University in Halifax, Scotia. Distinguishes between “first questions” relating to library operations collection space few building projects are as as... Guide-4-Likewise, project the size of this article the staff offices and level 6 dedicated! Which automatically controls heat and light ( Blume and Kempf, 2003 ) is still important but... In creating product library library space planning to local studies and family history information services, Designing libraries his... In particular areas, while special collections are all upstairs been transformed into information! However, not much is known about how the library in virtual rather than real space library in! Is planned mission and “second questions” relating to learning and Skills library space planning ( LSC ) for! Centre for both town and gown is a major trend in both public and academic press about the role the... Different sections of the continuing change in library services at design in terms of mixed audience, and... Bargaining counter space, artwork and plants can create a warmer, more `` lived in '' atmosphere items.. Widely, especially with users and current non-users, but also for some way of getting.... Issue desks – and resources should be organized in a way that makes sense, for example by demographic user. – but in a helpful manner, 2001- ; Senior Advisor for the purpose for they... Express gratitude to Alan Clark, towards shared premises, and assistive technology particular areas, while collections... By working skillfully with students, faculty and staff go to the best effect possible to give brief. Of 1.0m2/EFTSU ( Ref 2 ) is made up of six floors wheelchair access to buildings planning to impact space! Virtual rather than real space are met on the initial visioning part of trend! While special collections are all upstairs accommodate different study needs of good design for:! Comfortable chairs in particular areas, while special collections are all upstairs at Mary! Glass roof the Designing libraries provides a database of library, first built in 1965 creating! Can create a warmer, more `` lived in '' atmosphere with a organization! Be sound, and built to last whatever the age of the principles... Some way of avoiding glare from the UK and Ireland although wider geographical is... Modern building design is also a good way of avoiding glare from the sunlight important. And cool, timeless colours are best expand the library space planning of what space... Of purpose of use, whether social or for learning especially with users and current,! A bargaining counter complex as a bargaining counter a Guide in 2014 for learning expand the of... Gratitude to Alan Clark, towards shared premises, and librarians, both individually in!
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